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Personal Area Network – Definition, Uses, Benefits, and More

Personal Area Network – Definition, Uses, Benefits, and More

Personal Area Network Definition

A personal area network (PAN) is a network of computers organized around a person and is set up for individual use only. They typically include a computer, phone, printer, tablet, and other personal devices like a PDA.

The reason PANs are classified apart from other network types like LAN, WLAN, WAN, and MAN.

The idea is to transmit information between nearby devices rather than sending the same data over a LAN or WAN before coming to something that is already within your reach.

You can use these networks to transmit files, count email, calendar appointments, photos, and music. If the transfers makeover a wireless network, it is technically called WPAN, a wireless personal area network.

Technologies Used to Build a Personal Area Network

personal area network

  1. Personal area network can be wireless or built with cables. USB and FireWire typically link a wired PAN, while WPANs typically use Bluetooth (and are called piconets) or sometimes infrared connections.
  2. Here’s an example: A Bluetooth keyboard connects to a tablet to control the interface that can reach a nearby smart bulb.
  3. A printer in a minor office or home connects to a nearby desk, laptop, or phone to exist within a PAN.
  4. The same is factual for keyboards and other devices that use IrDA (Infrared Data Association).
  5. Theoretically, a PAN can also consist of small, portable or embedded devices that can communicate in close contact with other wireless devices.
  6. A chip inserted under a finger’s skin, for example, that can store your medical data can connect with a device to transmit your information to a doctor.

Benefits of a Personal Area Network

personal area network

  • PANs are for personal use, so the assistance may be easier to understand than when talking around wide area networks, for example, that describe the Internet.
  • With a private area network, your devices can interconnect to facilitate communication.
  • For example, a surgery room in a hospital may have its own APO so that the surgeon can communicate with the additional team members in the room.
  • Your communication doesn’t need to feed over a more extensive network just for people to receive it from a few feet away.
  • A PAN takes care of this through short-range communication like Bluetooth.
  • Another example briefly mentioned above is that of a wireless keyboard or even a mouse.
  • It doesn’t need to operate computers in other buildings or cities. So they build to communicate with a nearby device, usually with react light lines
  • Since most plans that support short-range communication can block connections. It is not pre-authorised, a WPAN is considered a secure network.
  • However, as with WLANs and other types of networks, a personal area network is just as easily accessible to nearby hackers.

How Big is a Personal Area Network?

  • Wireless personal area networks generally shelter a range of a few centimetres to about 10 meters (33 feet).
  • These networks can see as a particular type (or subset) of local area networks that support a person rather than a group.
  • A master-slave device relationship can occur in a PAN where some devices connect to the “master” device called the master.
  • The slaves transmit the data through the master device. With Bluetooth, such a configuration could be as large as 100 meters (330 feet).
  • Although NAPs are by definition personal, they can still access the Internet under certain conditions.
  • For example, a PAN device can connect to a LAN with access to the Internet, a WAN. In order, each type of network is smaller than the next, but all of them can ultimately intimately connect.

Advantages of Personal Area Network

  • The applications of PAN are practically limitless.
  • As it is one or very few terminals, its speed is more efficient.
  • They do not have any problems with the wiring since their dimensions are minimal.
  • It allows devices to detect and connect autonomously.
  • And also, it is a private network.
  • It is safe.
  • Funny (Jocosona).

Disadvantages of Personal Area Network

Physical access: Since reaching certain places within the company, it is challenging to pass the cables through the walls.

Difficulty and expectations of expansion: Since many nodes in the network are defined, you want to add one more node. There is no more ample space in the installed switches.


Personal Area Network is a computer network rummage-sale for communication between computer devices (phones, including personal digital assistants) near a person.

The devices may or may not fit the person in question. The range of a PAN is typically a few meters.

PANs can communicate between their personal devices (interpersonal communication) or connect to a high-level network and the Internet (an uplink).

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